Reproductive Endocrinology

The inability of a woman to conceive after a year of having unprotected sex, or the inability of a woman to sustain pregnancy is known as infertility. It can affect both men and women of all ages. 

Causes of Infertility

Infertility can be present from birth (congenital) or can be acquired. Your risk for infertility increases with age. Your lifestyle choices can also influence infertility. You are at a greater risk if you

  • Smoke
  • Consume excess alcohol
  • Are overweight, obese or underweight
  • Use the laptop excessively, which elevates the temperature of the testes, leading to low sperm production

In addition, various factors may affect the sexual functioning of an individual such as

  • Anxiety and stress
  • Hormonal problems
  • Depression
  • Aging
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Consumption of excessive alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Certain medications
  • Underlying disease conditions
  • Exposure to excessive radiation

Fertility Care

There are ways you can take control of your infertility. Couples can increase their chances of conceiving with regular intercourse several times a day during the ovulation period: a couple of days before until a day after ovulation.


Women can make certain lifestyle changes to increase their chances of pregnancy such as:

  • Performing regular moderate exercise
  • Quitting smoking and use of narcotics
  • Limiting alcohol and caffeine

The health of the male partner also plays a significant role in fertility. Men should

  • Quit smoking and refrain from narcotics
  • Limit alcohol
  • Avoid high temperatures and environmental toxins
  • Exercise regularly

There are various treatment options available for taking control of your infertility. Your doctor will be able to provide you with the right treatment option.

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