What is Contraception?
Contraception, also known as birth control, is the prevention of pregnancy by interfering with the process of conception and implantation.
Methods of Contraception
Numerous methods of contraception are in practice and include barrier or hormonal methods, withdrawal, natural family planning, abstinence and sterilization (surgery). Some of these methods are confined for women and others for men, while some of the methods are reversible and some are permanent methods.
Intrauterine Device (IUD)
The intrauterine device (IUD) is a small device made of copper that is inserted into the uterus. It works by thickening the mucus around the cervix and thinning the womb's lining, making it difficult to accept a fertilised egg.
The choice of a method of contraceptive depends on age, health, frequency of sexual activity, number of sexual partners, plans for future pregnancy, and certain medical conditions. Discuss with your doctor about the choices of birth control available for your situation.