Bleeding During Pregnancy
How Common is Bleeding during Pregnancy?
A common complication of pregnancy is vaginal bleeding. It affects about 15%-20% of all women. Though it is not always a cause for concern, any bleeding during pregnancy should always be evaluated by a doctor.
Why does Bleeding Occur During the Early Stages of Pregnancy?
Light bleeding or spotting may occur when the fertilized egg implants itself in the uterine wall. This triggers a proliferation of blood vessels, causing the cervix to bleed easily with certain activities such as intercourse or during a pelvic examination. Bleeding can also occur due to an infection. Serious causes of bleeding during early pregnancy include pregnancy loss and ectopic pregnancy.
What is Early Pregnancy Loss?
Early pregnancy loss is a miscarriage that occurs before 13 weeks of pregnancy and may be accompanied by bleeding and cramping. Your doctor will ensure that no pregnancy tissue is left behind.
What is an Ectopic Pregnancy?
An ectopic pregnancy occurs when the fertilized egg has not implanted in the uterine wall, but somewhere else such as the fallopian tube, which can rupture and bleed causing pain, weakness, fainting or even death.
What are the Causes of Bleeding During the Late Stages of Pregnancy?
Bleeding during the late stages of pregnancy may be due to inflammation of the cervix or growths within it. This usually causes light bleeding. Placental tissue in the uterus that provides nourishment to your baby can develop problems causing heavy bleeding. This can occur if the placenta abnormally detaches from the uterine wall or becomes adherent by invading it. Bleeding may also occur if the placenta lies low in the uterus obstructing the cervix, a condition called placenta previa. Vaginal bleeding in late pregnancy may also indicate labour or a preterm delivery, if it occurs before 37 weeks of pregnancy.